Team:Chiba/System 2/Overall





Version 2

Overall Circuit

Our second circiut of double click system is called Recognize circuit.
It consists of recognizing input system and memorizing input system.
Control of circuit

We use AHL for input and regard injection of AHL as clicking. LuxR is generated constitutive. Injecting AHL to Double Click Bacteria brings dimer of AHL and luxR. We take lux promoter repressed by the dimer. As the dimer binds Plux, transcription of proteins under the Plux is repressed.
So in our project,
CLICK controls transcription of overall DNA sequence.
Recognizing Input System

In recognizing input system, there is a cI operator above gfp DNA sequence. If cI binds cI operator, transcription of gfp is stopped. You can see DNA sequence of cI, which a kind of repressor, is under the Plux. On initial state(there isn't any click), cI is generated normally. But AHL come into Double Click Bacteria, generation of cI is stopped. Since repression of Plux starts working by the dimer which is a combination of AHL and LuxR. And then, cI is going to disappear, because all kinds of proteins are bound to be decomposed. If there isn't cI anymore, bacteria will have chance to shine.
We can say
cI recognizes the existence of input in this DNA sequence.
Memorizing Input System

In memorizing system, there is an AND Gate with T7ptag and supD. As you know, T7ptag becomes T7 polymerase in case of existing supD. T7 polymerase is translated to T7 protein which works as activator of T7 promoter. There is a T7 promoter above gfp DNA sequence. If T7 have been generated once, the T7 promoter starts translating. And then we can see bacteria begin to shine.

On initial state, bacteria don't have supD. Because, lacI represses the lac promoter above supD DNA sequence.So there isn't any T7 polymerase and gfp cannot be genernated, in spite of being T7ptag in bacteria.

As written above, when AHL is entered into bacteria, transcription of proteins under the Plux is repressed. If there is click, transcription of T7ptag and lacI are stopped simultaneously. But T7ptag are decomposed earlier than lacI because of difference in velocity of decomposition. T7ptag which is a kind of mRNA is decomposed so fast and lacI which is just a kind of protein is decomposed late. SupD under the Plac is generated after most of lacI are decomposed. So, during the clicking, there isn't any T7ptag as far as there is supD.

After washing AHL(means after 1st click), supD exist. SupD is a kind of tRNA and stable which means having long half-life. If there isn't input anymore, Plux starts activating and T7ptag is generated. As result of reacting T7ptag and supD, the AND Gate is going to be available. In this case, the AND Gate remembers that there was a click.

Moreover, if there is 2nd click, T7ptag is going to be decomposed again. And then, the reaction of And Gate is stopped, because there isn't T7ptag anymore. So, T7 which is activator of T7 promoter is also going to be decomposed. It is time-limit of Double-Click and explain it in next paragraph.
Co-working of two systems

Actually, there is a hybrid promoter(cI/T7) above gfp DNA sequence. It is regulated by T7 and cI which work as activator and repressor, respectively. On this promoter, repression is stronger than activation. And also, it is low unregulated activation. When 1st input is come in, cI recognizes the input and going to be decomposed. But there isn't T7 yet, gfp cannot be generated, despite there isn't repressor. After 1st input, AND gate remembers there was a click, and generation of T7 is stared. But, gfp cannot be generated, because there is cI already. When 2nd input is come, cI also recognizes the input and going to be decomposed. If the 2nd input comes within time that the AND is working, T7 exists in bacteria and decomposition of cI is finished, gfp is going to be generated.As a result, bacteria shines with gfp and Double Click is completed.