Team:RMIT Australia/Modeling



Parameters used to compare the Models


Explanation of Parameters

Using a proteomics server, in our case ExPASy we determined the aliphatic and instability index, extinction coefficient and theoretical PI which will help us distinguish which of the mutations would be best to increase the thermo stability of the TAQ. The isoelectric point (PI) is the pH at which the protein carries no net charge. When the theoretical PI is reached the protein has no net charge hence being immobile in an electric field. From table 1 it is evident that there is no large difference between the theoretical isoelectric points of the original Taq to the Taq with the mutations. The estimated stability of the Taq in the test tube is provided by the instability index. From table 1 we see that the instability index is stable as the predicted numbers are below 40, as anything above this will show an unstable protein. The relative volume occupied by aliphatic side chains of the following amino acids; alanine, valine, isolecine and leucine. The aliphatic index of the protein is regarded as a positive factor for the increase of the thermostability, From Table 1 we see that in both the wild type and the redesigned Taq’s aliphatic indexes were increased as the mutations were made thus indicating that these mutations increased the thermostability of this protein. Using the proteomics server the extinction coefficient were measured as it indicates how much light a protein absorbs at a certain wavelength and is useful later when we purify the protein.

Taq Polymerase

Taq Polymerase with no mutations

WildTypetaq.jpg Wildtype2.jpg

  • Aliphatic Index: 98.33
  • Ext Coefficient: 112760
  • Theoretical PI: 6.04
  • Instability Index: 32.93

Redesigned Taq (MutTaq)

We redesigned TAQ so it is suitable to undergo ligation independent cloning, to do this we changed the N and C terminal.
This is the redesigned Taq Polymerase

Taq part 1.jpg Taq part 2.jpg

  • Aliphatic Index: 96.46
  • Ext Coefficient: 107260
  • Theoretical PI: 6.09
  • Instability Index: 33.39

The wild type Taq Polymerase was changed at the N and C terminal, with the Root Mean Square Deviation of 6.8834. This number indicates the measure of the average distance between the backbones of the two superimposed proteins.

Our Taq Polymerase with mutations

Taq with labels.jpg

Differences between Wildtype and Redesigned Taq

The picture below shows the differences between the wild type Taq Polymerase and the redesigned Taq at the N and C terminus.

Taq N.jpg
Taq C.jpg



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