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WormWorks Parts List

Below is a complete list of all of the constructs and parts which we extracted and assembled for use in C. elegans this summer. It is much longer of a list than most projects, which is to be expected since we sought to build a chassis and not merely a BioDevice.


All but one of the regulatory elements we isolated are promoters, and are described in brief detail below, with more elaborate information on their parts registry pages. The remaining BioBrick is the 3' UTR from unc-54, which is roughly equivalent to a bacterial terminator and performs a number of important regulatory functions in complement to the promoter. All complete C. elegans constructs must include some form of functional 3' UTR. Promoters were selected based on their utility, strength of expression, and ease of avoiding potentially harmful cutsites.


  • pGpd-2: gpd-2 is part of the glycolysis pathway. The gpd-2 promoter thus expresses at a very high level—AceView says 43.5 times the average for a C. elegans constitutive gene.
  • pSip-1: sip-1 encodes a member of the heat shock family of proteins. Accoring to AceView, sip-1 is expressed at a level 17.6 times the average, at all levels of development.
  • pRab-7: rab-7 expresses a GTPase involved in endosome trafficking, and expresses at 4.3 times the average.



These all target different sensory neurons. For more information on what most of these neurons do, see our section on the amphid.

  • pMec-7: This targets the mechanoreceptor neurons. We were able to use it in a construct successfully with eCFP and our 3' UTR brick: see its page on the parts registry.
  • pOdr-1: This targets the AWC sensory neuron.
  • pStr-1: This targets the AWB sensory neuron.
  • pOsm-10: This targets the ASH and ASI sensory neurons, as well as the PHA and PHB phasmid neurons.
  • pFlp-1: This targets the AVA sensory neuron.
  • pSra-10: This targets the AVB sensory neuron.
  • pStr-220: This targets the AWC sensory neuron.


  • eGFP: excitation: 395 nm; emission: 509 nm.
  • eCFP: excitation: 433 nm; emission: 475 nm.
  • eYFP: excitation: ~485 nm; emission: ~700 nm.
  • mCherry: excition: ~580 nm; emission: ~620 nm.

Optogenetics Proteins

  • ChR2 (channelrhodopsin-2): A surface protein. Excitation by light at 460 nm causes the admission of cations into the cell. These cations are nonspecific (H+, K+, Na+, Ca2+), but can directly trigger the depolarization of a neuron, forcing it into a firing state where it will remain until the light source is removed.
  • NpHR (halorhodopsin): A surface protein. Excitation by light at 580 nm causes the admission of chloride anions into the cell. If used in a neuron, this can prevent it from firing as long as the light source is present.
  • Fusions: ChR2::eYFP and NpHR::eCFP are both also provided. These are useful for ensuring that the channels localized successfully to their target.


Our mec-7::eCFP::unc-54 3' UTR construct in action

  • pStr-220::eCFP::unc-54 3' UTR
  • pOdr-10::eCFP::unc-54 3' UTR
  • pGpd-2::eCFP::unc-54 3' UTR
  • pSip1::eCFP::unc-54 3' UTR
  • pFlp1::eCFP:unc-54 3' UTR
  • ChR2::eYFP::unc-54 3' UTR
  • phsp3::eCFP::unc-54 3' UTR
  • pOsm-10::eCFP::unc-54 3' UTR
  • mCherry::unc-54 3' UTR
  • eYFP::unc-54 3' UTR
  • pOdr-1::eCFP::unc-54 3' UTR
  • pMec-7::eCFP::unc-54 3' UTR

Getting the Parts

You can get our special worm parts through the standard iGEM distribution channel: the Parts Registry. Click on a part number below to be taken to the relevant description page.

<groupparts>iGEM010 Queens-Canada</groupparts>