Team:Monash Australia/Modelling


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(SAM --> ACC)
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== ACC --> Ethylene ==
== ACC --> Ethylene ==

Revision as of 04:51, 25 October 2010



Yang cycle

The three key enzymes we require are highlighted in the image, SAM synthase, ACC synthase and ACC oxidase. SAM synthase converts methionine into S-Adenosyl-L-Methionine (SAM), using ATP for an adensoyl group. The second step involves ACC synthase, which cleaves the amino butyrate from SAM, releasing 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC). Released ACC is then processed by ACC Oxidase which converts ACC to ethylene by cleaving the carboxylic acid off as carbon dioxide and its neighboring carbon with the amino group as cyanide gas. By using such a system to produce ethyene gas we can potentially reduce costs involved with current production methods by reducing temperature requirements by 30 fold.

Metabolic modelling of the ethylene generator

The program tinkercell was used to model the synthesis of ethylene in our e.coli cell. Where, in addition to the qualitative representation (figure 1) the program allowed, simulation of the model could be exercised inorder to measure the flux of metabolites – with respect to time - in the system given the input of values pertaining to substrate/enzyme concentration, and reaction rates were inputted. In addition to experimental data, with a model, theoretical data can be obtained using the model to extrapolate quantitative data corresponding to mRNA, protein and ethylene outputs under set parameters and assumptions in silico. As a result, using the given theoretical model outputs as a benchmark, manipulations to the parameters and assumptions set can be made in vitro/in vivo in order to achieve higher outputs in future studies of the 'ethylene generator'.

Figure 1: network diagram of the desired reactions in an 'E. coli' cell needed for ethylene production - created on Tinkercell


Construct --> mRNA --> enzymes (SAMsynth, ACCS, EFE)


Met --> SAM (AdoMet)

Met sam.jpg


Sam acc.jpg

ACC --> Ethylene

Acc eth.jpg

More to come soon!