Team:METU Turkey/Delta

From 2010.igem.org

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<br>  3. Restriction digestion for confirmation of the plasmids
<br>  3. Restriction digestion for confirmation of the plasmids
Fermentas fast digest kit is used
Fermentas fast digest kit is used
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<br>  PCR reaction conditions (Techne TC-512)
<br>  PCR reaction conditions (Techne TC-512)
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<br>  pCooF promoter   
<br>  pCooF promoter   
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<br>  pCooF mutant C4G   
<br>  pCooF mutant C4G   
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<br>  pCooF mutantC9G
<br>  pCooF mutantC9G
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<br>  pCooF mutant G2C
<br>  pCooF mutant G2C
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<br>  pCooF G7C     
<br>  pCooF G7C     
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<br>  pCooM promoter(long)
<br>  pCooM promoter(long)
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<br>  7.Gel extraction
<br>  7.Gel extraction
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<br>  PCR conditions
<br>  PCR conditions
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<br>  - 100V
<br>  - 100V
<br>  - 75 min
<br>  - 75 min
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<br>  Reduced +CO is degassed, reduced with DTT and 5 min CO is sparged.  
<br>  Reduced +CO is degassed, reduced with DTT and 5 min CO is sparged.  
<br>  Binding Reaction Component (w/ Lightshift Chemiluminescence EMSA Kit (PIERCE))
<br>  Binding Reaction Component (w/ Lightshift Chemiluminescence EMSA Kit (PIERCE))
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<br>  Reactions:
<br>  Reactions:
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tablo
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<br>  Reaction is incubated 20min at 4C and 20 min at room temperature before running
<br>  Reaction is incubated 20min at 4C and 20 min at room temperature before running
<br>  Pre run: 100V 45min at 4C
<br>  Pre run: 100V 45min at 4C
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<br>  Staining: After run is compleated, gel is staining with Et-Br by shaking  30 min to stain DNA.
<br>  Staining: After run is compleated, gel is staining with Et-Br by shaking  30 min to stain DNA.
<br>  Results:
<br>  Results:
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D9
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<br>  In conclusion, there is not a meaningful retardation. Binding conditions may not be sustained because gel is not anoxic.  Not only reaction buffer but also running buffer and gel should have to be reduced for proper binding of CooA to the DNA
<br>  In conclusion, there is not a meaningful retardation. Binding conditions may not be sustained because gel is not anoxic.  Not only reaction buffer but also running buffer and gel should have to be reduced for proper binding of CooA to the DNA
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<br>  Reactions:
<br>  Reactions:
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<br>  Reaction is incubated 20min at 4C and 20 min at room temperature before running
<br>  Reaction is incubated 20min at 4C and 20 min at room temperature before running
<br>  Pre run: 100V 45min at 4C
<br>  Pre run: 100V 45min at 4C
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<br>  Staining: After run is completed, gel is staining with Et-Br by shaking 15 min to stain DNA.
<br>  Staining: After run is completed, gel is staining with Et-Br by shaking 15 min to stain DNA.
<br>  Results:  
<br>  Results:  
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D10
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<br>  In conclusion, there is a little retardation.  Binding conditions may not be sustained because gel is not anoxic.  Not only reaction buffer but also running buffer and gel should have to be reduced for proper binding of CooA to the DNA.  
<br>  In conclusion, there is a little retardation.  Binding conditions may not be sustained because gel is not anoxic.  Not only reaction buffer but also running buffer and gel should have to be reduced for proper binding of CooA to the DNA.  
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<br>  580ul pure water
<br>  580ul pure water
<br>  Reactions:
<br>  Reactions:
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<br>  Reaction is incubated 20min at room temperature before running
<br>  Reaction is incubated 20min at room temperature before running
<br>  Run: 100V 1 h at 4C
<br>  Run: 100V 1 h at 4C
<br>  Staining: After run is compleated, gel is staining with Et-Br by shaking for 15 min to stain DNA.
<br>  Staining: After run is compleated, gel is staining with Et-Br by shaking for 15 min to stain DNA.
<br>  Results:
<br>  Results:
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D11
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<br>  We cannot get a clear image of the gel because of uneven polymerization of the gel. We think the argon amount is too much so our gel cannot solidify properly. DNA marker which cannot be open accurately is the evidence for failed polymerization
<br>  We cannot get a clear image of the gel because of uneven polymerization of the gel. We think the argon amount is too much so our gel cannot solidify properly. DNA marker which cannot be open accurately is the evidence for failed polymerization
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<br>  Result :
<br>  Result :
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D13
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<br> pink: reduced –CO bounded CooA + buffer
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<br>  yellow : red/Co 28 nM pcoof 20 .min
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<br> yellow : reduced –CO bounded CooA + 28 nM pCOOF ( 20 .min )
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<br> pink:red/ CO + buffer  
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<br> green: NC : reduced- CO bounded CooA +10 ul elution buffer (20.min )
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<br> blue: red/ CO 56 nM pcoof 40. min  
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<br> blue: reduced – CO bounded CooA +  56 nM pCooF  (40. min )
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<br> green: NC red/ co 10 ul elution buffer 20.min
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<br> purple: NC : reduced –CO bounded CooA + 20 ul elution (40. Min )<br>  yellow : red/Co 28 nM pcoof 20 .min
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<br>  purple: NC red/ CO 20 ul elution 40. min  
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D14
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<br>  Blue line : reduced –CO bounded CooA + 56 nM pCOOf  
<br>  Blue line : reduced –CO bounded CooA + 56 nM pCOOf  
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<br>  <h3>Conclusion: </h3>
<br>  <h3>Conclusion: </h3>
<br>  The structure of the CooA protein has two residues of Tryptophan. Carbon monoxide binding to protein and DNA binding to protein can cause conformational change in the protein structure so tryptophan orientation change in the protein . Intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence experiment shows that any fluorescence intensity change and fluorescence shift resulting from the change of tryptophan.  We see a little difference between binding of promoter of oxidized and reduced CO bounded CooA protein. Decrease in the intensity is obtained.  The structure of CooA is given above :
<br>  The structure of the CooA protein has two residues of Tryptophan. Carbon monoxide binding to protein and DNA binding to protein can cause conformational change in the protein structure so tryptophan orientation change in the protein . Intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence experiment shows that any fluorescence intensity change and fluorescence shift resulting from the change of tryptophan.  We see a little difference between binding of promoter of oxidized and reduced CO bounded CooA protein. Decrease in the intensity is obtained.  The structure of CooA is given above :
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D12
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Revision as of 03:25, 28 October 2010

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PROTEIN-DNA INTERACTIONS


Aim:
To show the interaction thermodynamics of COOA protein and target promoter pCooF and pCooM and changes in binding affinity of protein with respect to mutational changes in its target DNA.
Methods
- Isothermal Titration Calorimetry (ITC)
- Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay (EMSA)
- Intrinsic Tryptophan Fluorescence (ITF)
Both these methods require short oligonucleotides as DNA template and especially for ITC experiment we need high amounts of DNA template. In order to propagate enough DNA, we design primers for promoters and sequences, which include response elements.
1.Isothermal Titration Calorimetry (ITC)
Scenarios for DNA component preparation:
30bp
The possible sequence of oligonucleotide that we are planning to use in ITC measurements:
GGA TAA CTG TCA TCT GGC CGA CAG ACG GGG
Response (RE) Response (RE)
Element Element
- MW : 18594.2 g/mole
- GC content: 60%
- Length: 30bp
- Average MW of a base is 325 g/mole (our MW prediction is applicable acc to that info.)
- for an ITC experiment min 1uM DNA ( max: 100uM) is required in sample cell (Vcell 1.8mL)
- we will prepare 2.5 mL per experiment ( it is calculated as 2.5 nmole - 18kDa x 2.5nmole= 45ug)
- for 1uM DNA we require 45ug DNA in 2.5 mL
If we propagate our oligonucleotide w/ PCR:
- min 70 bp is required for using a QIAGEN PCR purification kit >>>it is problem for us
- max yield is 10ug
- so we will use 5 kit per experiment for getting 45ug
50bp
TAA AAA CTC TGG ATA ACT GTC ATC TGG CCG ACA GAC GGG GGC CGG GCT TT
- Length: 50bp
- MW: 30773g/mole ~31 kDa
- for ITC 1uM (Vcell = 2.5 mL)
1umol in 1 L ; so we need 2.5nmole for 2.5 mL
1 mole is nearly 31000 g ; so we need 77.7 ug - w/ invitrogen plasmid purification kit we get 800ug plasmids from 100ml culture - we can extract 800ug plasmid from 2ml culture - if we assume that our vector plasmid is nearly 5000bp long, it will be 100 fold of our fragment DNA (50bp) - 800/100 we get 8ug fragments after restriction digestion.
- w/ qiagen gel extraction kit we can get 10ug DNA once
- so, we need 8 kit gel extraction and 10 plasmid purification kit for one ITC experiment
- 50bp fragment recovery 50% (Fermentas)
- for 50 bp we require ~80ug
- one kit elutes 25x 0.05= 12.5ug in once
- for 80ug we require 80/12.5= 6.4= 7

Experimental plan [Best Case]


- Full plasmid is used as template
- Plasmids from Mr Gene : about 3 weeks
-Plasmids from Mr gene last year
-pAny-amphicilline
-2300bp+gene
-5 ug
- our DNA components is 137 bp >>>Total palsmid lenght is about 2500 bp.
- average MW of a base is 325 g/mole
- MW: 325 x 2500 x 2 = 1625000 g/mole
- V(sample cell) = 2.5 ml
- we assume that we use 1 uM DNA
- so we need 2.5 nmole DNA
- for 2.5 nmole we require 2.5 x 1625000= 4062500x10^-9 ng = 1063 x 10^-6 = ~4mg
- transformation of the plasmids (2days)
- plasmid purification (3rd day)
- Invitrogen PureLink™ HiPure Plasmid Gigaprep Kit
- Cat. No. K2100-09
- Unit Size 2 preps
- DNA yield is 7.5mg- 10mg (depends on copy number type, size)
- Invitrogen PureLink™ HiPure Plasmid Megaprep Kit
- Cat. No. K2100-08
- Unit Size 4 preps
- DNA yield is 1.5mg-2.5mg (depends on copy number type, size)
- we can get ~4mg plasmid by using 2 x megakit or 1x gigakit
- confirmation of transformation w/ single cut and restriction digestion gel (3rd day)
- Gel extraction (4th day)
- PureLink™ Quick Gel Extraction and PCR Purification Combo Kit
- Cat. No. K220001
- Unit Size: 50 prep
- DNA yield is 40ug
- Unit size 50 prep
- we can get 4mg plasmid by using 100 kit :(
- we search plasmid isolation kit which gives more yield than usual.
Richie Rich (50 bp case)
- 50 bp seq is 77.5 ug/mol (~80 ug/mol)
- we need 2.5 ml so 2.5 nmol for 1 uM in sample cell
- IDT sends 100 nmol (4 nmol after HPLC) ds 50 bp oligo which costs 200 USA dolars in total
- we can perform 2 experiments from one oligo order
- we need 2.5 nmol DNA per experiment. If we make optimization with WT Response Element, we will make al least 8 experiment.
- w/ mutants 10 oligos in total
- 10 experiment x 2.5 nmol = 25 nmol (after HPLC)
- To be ordered 625 nmol >>> 1.750 TL >>> ~1250 USA dollars :(
IDT Contact
- 100 nmole DNA is € 0.46 /base.
- Annealing is € 23,00/duplex.
- For 50 bp cost is € 69,00.
- Shipping to Turkey is € 50,00.
- lyophilized
- You should have 6 OD of duplex which is 12 nmole depending upon sequence composition.
Primer Design
pcooF
forward: 5' TAAAAACTCTGGATAAC
- Avoid polyXs YES
- 3’ end: Avoid T (greater tolerance of mismatch) YES
- 3′ end: G or C (stronger clamping to the template) [Fernandez] YES
- 3′ end region: only 2 G or C in the last 5 [Sayler Lab] YES
- Length: 17
- GC : 29%
- Tm : 37C
- self complementarity NONE
OR
forward: 5' ccgaattcgcggccgcttctagagCTCTGGATAAC >>>>is it better?
- Avoid polyXs NO
- 3’ end: Avoid T (greater tolerance of mismatch) YES
- 3′ end: G or C (stronger clamping to the template) [Fernandez] YES
- 3′ end region: only 2 G or C in the last 5 [Sayler Lab] YES
- Length: 11
- GC : 45% YES
- Tm: 32 C
- self complementarity NONE
reverse: 5' cctactagtagcggccgctgcagAAAAGCCCGGCCCCGTC
- Avoid polyXs YES
- 3’ end: Avoid T (greater tolerance of mismatch) NO
- 3′ end: G or C (stronger clamping to the template) [Fernandez] YES
- 3′ end region: only 2 G or C in the last 5 [Sayler Lab] NO
- Length: 17
- GC : 71%
- Tm: 54 C
- self complementarity NONE
- All potential self-annealing sites are marked in red (allowing 1 mis-match):
5' AAAAGCCCGGCCCCGTC 3'
3' CTGCCCCGGCCCGAAAA 5'
5' AAAAGCCCGGCCCCGTC 3'
3' CTGCCCCGGCCCGAAAA 5'
OR
reverse: 5' cctactagtagcggccgctgcagGCCCGGCCCCGTC
- Avoid polyXs NO (yinr de gg cc tekrarları var)
- 3’ end: Avoid T (greater tolerance of mismatch) NO
- 3′ end: G or C (stronger clamping to the template) [Fernandez] YES
- 3′ end region: only 2 G or C in the last 5 [Sayler Lab] NO
- Length: 13
- GC : 92% NO
- Tm: 50 C
- self complementarity NONE
- hairpin: NONE
pCooM
forward: 5' ccgaattcgcggccgcttctagagACAGCATGACGAG
- Avoid polyXs NO
- 3’ end: Avoid T (greater tolerance of mismatch) NO
- 3′ end: G or C (stronger clamping to the template) [Fernandez] YES
- 3′ end region: only 2 G or C in the last 5 [Sayler Lab] NO
- Length: 13
- GC : 54 % NO
- Tm: 40 C
- self complementarity NONE
- hairpin: NONE
reverse: 5' cctactagtagcggccgctgcagCGCCACCTGGGCG
- Avoid polyXs NO
- 3’ end: Avoid T (greater tolerance of mismatch) NO
- 3′ end: G or C (stronger clamping to the template) [Fernandez] YES
- 3′ end region: only 2 G or C in the last 5 [Sayler Lab] NO
- Length: 13
- Tm: 48 C
- self complementarity NONE
- hairpin: NONE
Short primer design
pcooF: >>> OK CATAAAAACTCTGGATAACTGTCATCTGGCCGACAGACGGGGCCGGGCTTTTTGTCG
- Length: 57
- GC : 53%
- Tm : 75 C

forward: 5' CATAAAAACTCTGG
- Avoid polyXs NO
- 3’ end: Avoid T (greater tolerance of mismatch) YES
- 3′ end: G or C (stronger clamping to the template) [Fernandez] YES
- 3′ end region: only 2 G or C in the last 5 [Sayler Lab] NO
- Length: 14
- GC : 36%
- Tm : 32C
- hairpin: NONE
- self dimer (free energy): 0
- cross dimer (free energy): 0
reverse: 5' CGACAAAAAGC
- Avoid polyXs YES
- 3’ end: Avoid T (greater tolerance of mismatch) YES
- 3′ end: G or C (stronger clamping to the template) [Fernandez] YES
- 3′ end region: only 2 G or C in the last 5 [Sayler Lab] NO
- Length: 11
- GC : 45%
- Tm : 32C
- MW: 3343 g/mole
- hairpin: NONE
- self dimer (free energy): 0
- cross dimer (free energy): 0
pcooM: >>> OK GAGTGTCGGCCAAGTGACG
forward: 5' ACAGCATGAC
- Avoid polyXs YES
- 3’ end: Avoid T (greater tolerance of mismatch) YES
- 3′ end: G or C (stronger clamping to the template) [Fernandez] YES
- 3′ end region: only 2 G or C in the last 5 [Sayler Lab] YES
- Length: 10
- GC : 50%
- Tm : 30C
- MW: 3021 g/mole
- hairpin: NONE
- self dimer (free energy): -2.3
- cross dimer (free energy): 0
reverse: 5' AGTACGCCAC
- Avoid polyXs YES
- 3’ end: Avoid T (greater tolerance of mismatch) YES
- 3′ end: G or C (stronger clamping to the template) [Fernandez] YES
- 3′ end region: only 2 G or C in the last 5 [Sayler Lab] NO
- Length: 10
- GC : 60%

- MW: 2997 g/mole
- hairpin: NONE
- self dimer (free energy): -2.0
- cross dimer (free energy): 0
Preparation of DNA Component
DNA Components to be produced
Promoters: -
pCooM -
pCooF -
pCooF C4G -
pCooF C9G -
pCooF G2C -
pCooF G7C
Response Elements (RE) -
pCooM -
pCooF -
pCooF C4G -
pCooF C9G -
pCooF G2C -
pCooF G7C
1.Transformation
2.Plasmid purification
It is started with 5ml overnight culture from glycerol stock
Fermentas Gene jet miniprep kit is used
Final volume is 50ul
3. Restriction digestion for confirmation of the plasmids Fermentas fast digest kit is used
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4.Concentration measurement with alpha UV spectrophotometer



5.PCR for promoters
Primers:
Primers for pCooF promoter/mutants:

       
Long promoter
Forward: CCGAATTCGCGGCCGCTTCTAGAGTTCGGCGTCTTTTCATACCC
Reverse: CTACTAGTAGCGGCCGCTGCAGCCTGGCGCCGAGTAAGC
Short promoter
          
forward: TTCGGCGTCTTTTCATACCC
reverse: CCTGGCGCCGAGTAAGC
primers for pCooM promoter:
long promoter
forward: CCGAATTCGCGGCCGCTTCTAGAGCAGCATGACGAGTGTCGGCCAAG
reverse: CCTACTAGTAGCGGCCGCTGCAGGAAGAACGGGAGTACGCCACCTG
short promoter
forward: CAGCATGACGAGTGTCGGCCAAG
reverse: GAAGAACGGGAGTACGCCACCTG



PCR reaction mix (fermantas) for 1 reaction:


10X Taq Buffer 3ul
dNTPs 3ul
25mM MgCl2 3ul
f-primer 3ul
r-primer 3ul
5 u/ul Taq polymerase 0.25ul
2.5u/ul Pfu polymerase 0.015ul
Template 3ul
Nuc free H2O 11.75ul


TOTAL: 30ul



PCR reaction conditions (Techne TC-512)

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Contents

6.Agarose gel electrophoresis


- % 1 agarose

      
- 75V
- 45 min


pCooF promoter

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pCooF mutant C4G
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pCooF mutantC9G
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pCooF mutant G2C
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pCooF G7C
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pCooM promoter(long)
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7.Gel extraction

  
Gene jet gel extraction kit is used


8.Concentration of samples with vacuum concentrator
1hr in 200mbar for 100 ul reduction


9.Concentration measurement with alpha uv spectrophotometer



10.PCR for response element
Primers

          
primers for pCooF/mutants RE
forward: CATAAAAACTCTGG
reverse: CGACAAAAAGC
           
primers for pCooM RE
forward: ACAGCATGAC
reverse: AGTACGCCAC



PCR reaction mix (fermantas) for 1 reaction:


10X Taq Buffer 3ul
dNTPs 3ul
25mM MgCl2 3ul
f-primer 3ul
r-primer 3ul
5 u/ul Taq polymerase 0.25ul
2.5u/ul Pfu polymerase 0.015ul
Template 3ul
Nuc free H2O 11.75


TOTAL: 30ul



PCR conditions

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1. Agarose gel electrophoresis for RE


- % 1 agarose
- 100V
- 75 min

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12. Gel extraction


Gene jet gel extraction kit is used


13.Concentration measurement with alpha uv spectrophotometer


Oligonucleotides that include response elements are too short (57bp). Although we reach the good amount of products from the Agarose gel electrophoresis, we lost most of our samples during the gel extraction process, because the recovery of the gel extraction kit reduces with oligos shorter than 100bp. Therefore, we had to use promoters (~100bp) rather than response elements. Unfortunately, ITC experiments cannot be performed because of inadequate production of DNA and protein components.


2. EMSA


151010-EMSA (w/ Lightshift Chemiluminescence EMSA Kit (PIERCE))
Gel
8.3ml 30% polyacrylamide solution (29:1)
2.5ml 10X TBE
39.2ml ddH2O
50ul TEMED
500ul APS (10%)
DNA&PROTEIN:
pCooM:
MW: ~66kDa
330ng in 10ul
330x10-9 / 66 kDa= 5 pmol
pCooF:
MW: 57 kDa
91.6ng in 10 ul
91.6x10-9 / 57kDa= 1.7 pmol
CooA:
MW: 48 kDa
1ug/ul in 500 ul
Oxidized protein is untreated CooA
Reduced protein is 2ul DTT added into 1000 ul CooA
Reduced +CO is degassed, reduced with DTT and 5 min CO is sparged.
Binding Reaction Component (w/ Lightshift Chemiluminescence EMSA Kit (PIERCE))

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Reactions:

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Reaction is incubated 20min at 4C and 20 min at room temperature before running
Pre run: 100V 45min at 4C
Run: 100V 1 h at 4C
Staining: After run is compleated, gel is staining with Et-Br by shaking 30 min to stain DNA.
Results:

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In conclusion, there is not a meaningful retardation. Binding conditions may not be sustained because gel is not anoxic. Not only reaction buffer but also running buffer and gel should have to be reduced for proper binding of CooA to the DNA


EMSA[211010] [He at al. (1995)]
Gel
6% polyacryamide gel
8.3ml 30% polyacrylamide solution (29:1)
2.5ml 10X TBE
39.2ml ddH2O
50ul TEMED
500ul APS (10%)
3 ml 170 mM sodium dithionite
DNA&PROTEIN:
pCooM:
MW: ~66kDa
330ng in 10ul
330x10-9 / 66 kDa= 5 pmol


pCooF:
MW: 57 kDa
91.6ng in 10 ul
91.6x10-9 / 57kDa= 1.7 pmol
CooA:
MW: 48 kDa
1ug/ul in 500 ul
Reduced protein is 2ul DTT added into 1000 ul CooA.
Reduced +CO is degassed, reduced with DTT and 5 min CO is sparged.


Reactions:

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Reaction is incubated 20min at 4C and 20 min at room temperature before running
Pre run: 100V 45min at 4C
Run: 100V 1. 5 hrs at 4C
Staining: After run is completed, gel is staining with Et-Br by shaking 15 min to stain DNA.
Results:
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In conclusion, there is a little retardation. Binding conditions may not be sustained because gel is not anoxic. Not only reaction buffer but also running buffer and gel should have to be reduced for proper binding of CooA to the DNA.
EMSA [231010]
Gel
8.3ml 30% polyacrylamide solution (29:1)
2.5ml 10X TBE
39.2ml ddH2O
50ul TEMED
500ul APS (10%)
Argon is sparged for 5 min to get an anoxic gel
45min pre-run is completed at 100V before reaction in order to remove APS/TEMED
1.7mM sodium dithionate is added in to the running buffer
DNA&PROTEIN:
pCooF:
MW: 57 kDa
200 ng in 8 ul
200x10-9 / 57kDa= 3.5 pmol
pCooM:
MW: ~66kDa
264ng in 8ul
264x10-9 / 66 kDa= 4 pmol


CooA:
MW: 48 kDa
1ug/ul in 500ul
12ul is added to reaction mix.
Reduced protein is 2ul DTT added into 1000 ul CooA.
Reduced +CO is degassed, reduced with DTT and 5 min CO is sparged.


Binding Reaction
Binding solution (2X)
80ul 1M TRIS-HCl (ph:7.6)
1120ul 25mM MgCl2
40ul 5M KCl
40ul 1M DTT
100ul glycerol
20 ul 10mg/ml BSA
20ul 170 mM sodium dithionate
580ul pure water
Reactions:

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Reaction is incubated 20min at room temperature before running
Run: 100V 1 h at 4C
Staining: After run is compleated, gel is staining with Et-Br by shaking for 15 min to stain DNA.
Results:

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We cannot get a clear image of the gel because of uneven polymerization of the gel. We think the argon amount is too much so our gel cannot solidify properly. DNA marker which cannot be open accurately is the evidence for failed polymerization


4. ITF


Intrinsic Tryptophan Fluorescence (ITF)
Samples

    
DNA: 28 Nm ; 56 Nm ; 74 nM : 93 nM pCooF (eluted with elution buffer )
Protein: 50 nM reduced –CO bounded; reduced; oxidized CooA


Buffer s

    
For oxidized CooA : 2X Buffer


-40 mM Tris-HCl ( pH: 7.6)
- 14 mM MgCl2
- 100 mM KCl
-10 % glycerol

    
For reduced –CO bounded & reduced CooA : 2X buffer


-40 mM Tris-HCl (ph:7.6)
- 14 mM MgCl2
- 100 mM KCl
-10 % glycerol
-20 mM DTT
-3.4 mM sodium dithionite


Parameters:

    
Excitation: 280 nm
Emission: 300- 400 nm
Slit number: 4 nm ( 2 turn)
Temperature: 25 C
Blank: buffer (1X)


Measurements

      
1 -Blank: 1X buffer ( for oxidized , reduced-CO / reduced CooA )
2- 50 nM oxidized CooA in oxidized buffer
3- 50 nM oxidized CooA+ 28 nM pCOOF + 20. Min
4- Negative control :50 nM oxidized CooA + 10 ul elution buffer + 20. Min
5- 50 nM oxidized CooA+ 56 nM pCOOF + 40. Min
6- Negative control : 50 nM oxidized CooA + 20 ul elution buffer + 40. Min
7- 50 nM reduced –CO bounded CooA in reduced buffer
8- 50 nM reduced –CO bounded CooA + 28 nM pCOOF + 20 min
9- Negative control : 50 nM reduced –CO bounded CooA + 10 ul elution buffer + 20. min
10-50 nM reduced –CO bounded CooA + 56 nM pCOOF + 40. Min
11-Negative control :50 nM reduced –CO bounded CooA + 20 ul elution buffer + 40. Min
12- 50 nM reduced –CO bounded CooA + 74 nM pCOOF + 60. Min
13-Negative control: 50 nM reduced –CO bounded CooA + 30 ul elution buffer + 60. Min
14-50 nM reduced –CO bounded CooA + 93 nM pCOOF + 80. Min
15- Negative control: 50 nM reduced –CO bounded CooA + 40 ul elution buffer + 80.min
16-50 nM reduced CooA in reduced buffer
17- 50 nM reduced CooA + 28 nM pCOOF + 20. Min
18-Negative control: 50 nM reduced CooA + 10 ul elution buffer + 20. Min
19- 50 nM reduced CooA + 56 nM pCOOF + 40.min
20-Negative control: 50 nM reduced CooA + 20 ul elution buffer + 40.min


Result :

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pink: reduced –CO bounded CooA + buffer


yellow : reduced –CO bounded CooA + 28 nM pCOOF ( 20 .min )


green: NC : reduced- CO bounded CooA +10 ul elution buffer (20.min )


blue: reduced – CO bounded CooA + 56 nM pCooF (40. min )


purple: NC : reduced –CO bounded CooA + 20 ul elution (40. Min )
yellow : red/Co 28 nM pcoof 20 .min

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Blue line : reduced –CO bounded CooA + 56 nM pCOOf
White line :oxidized CooA + 56 nM pCOOF


Conclusion:


The structure of the CooA protein has two residues of Tryptophan. Carbon monoxide binding to protein and DNA binding to protein can cause conformational change in the protein structure so tryptophan orientation change in the protein . Intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence experiment shows that any fluorescence intensity change and fluorescence shift resulting from the change of tryptophan. We see a little difference between binding of promoter of oxidized and reduced CO bounded CooA protein. Decrease in the intensity is obtained. The structure of CooA is given above :

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