Team:Groningen/23 August 2010


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iGEM Groningen 2010

pushing coatings into a greener future

Week 34

Exression experiment

Peter & David

For this experiment, the following B. subtilis 168 strains were used:

All cultures were grown overnight at 37 degrees Celsius in a shaker room, the appropriate antibiotics were used at all points in time during this experiment.

Overnight cultures were used to dilute to a B. subtilis culture of 0,1 OD, these strains were divided into ‘’induced’’ and ‘’non-induced’’. Induction with 0,5% subtilin was done at a OD of 0,5 (approximately 2,5 hours after growth of the 0,1 culture started).

After that the OD of the cultures was measured every .. hours.

Sample preperation

After .. hours, .. after induction, the samples were collected and processed. The following procedures were used:

Pellet preperation (PelletPrepGR)

Supernatant processing (SupernatantPrepGR)

Cell disruption (ExtractionCellWallsGR)

Lysozyme preperation (LysozymePrepGR)

Analysis was done using SDS-PAGE (SDS-PAGEGR) and THT staining (THTstainingGR).


Growth Curve


THT Staining




Biofilm formation experiment

Bacillus Subtilis cultures were grown overnight in a Petridish containing 20mL of LB medium and a piece of ceramics to spurr the biofilm formation. The following cultures wehre grown: Bacillus Subtilis, Bacillus Subtilis ΔTasA, Bacillus Subtilis with chaplin E1, Bacillus Subtilis with chaplin H1, Bacillus Subtilis ΔTasA with chaplin E1, Bacillus Subtilis ΔTasA with chaplin H1

All cultures where inoculated with 100uL of overnight culture. All cultures where run in duplicate, one induced with 1%subtilin, and one without subtilin as a negative control.

We assumed that the ΔTasA would not form a biofilm and the normal phenotype could be restored by the expression of chaplins. Furthermore we assumed that the normal Bacillus Subtilis biofilm would have atered properties.

No such effects could be observed all ΔTasA cultures showed the same non biofilm phenotype

Biofilm Bacillus DeltaTasA.jpg

The same goes for all Bacillus Subtilis cultures with TasA, the were all not affected by induction of Chaplins, and showed a normal biofiml forming phenotype.

Biofilm Bacillus 1.jpg

Our assumption is that either: the expression of chaplins has no visible effect on biofilm formation or, that the subtilin was degraded over night and no proper expression of chaplins took place.


Started to make the following constructs:

-pNZ8901_EH (combination)


-pNZ8901_dC (adapted in signal sequence)

-pNZ8901_CS (Chaplin C and Sortase)



However halted the attempts to check the B. sub NZ8900 pNZ8901_E, B. sub NZ8900 pNZ8901_H clones and ΔTasA versions with mini-prep and gelelectroforese for presence of the pNZ8901-plasmids. Only B. sub ΔTasA NZ8900 pNZ8901_E (sometimes referred to as E1) showed plasmid. This could explain all the expression results. There was no explanation, however, for why the strains did grow on the selective antibiotics.

Modellers: Read articles, think about model etc. Joël, Laura, Djoke

Still researching information required for information standard Arend

Working on killswitch model, find information about various killswitch systems. Laura


Talked to Juke Lolkema about safety issues, wrote the part on safety for the wiki. Djoke and Laura


Repeated transformation of week 33 of the biofilm forming strains, again no colonies visible helped David & Peter processing samples Cut CCH1, dCS and pNZ plasmid with EcoR1 FD, Spe1 FD, checked on gel isolated product from gel with Bioké kit and nanodropped.



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