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Protocol for Preparation of Competent Cells for Transformation

For two transformations


  • 0.1 M Calcium Chloride chilled on the ice;
  • Overnight bacteria l culture or bacteria l colonies;


1. Add 20 μl of the overnight bacteria l culture or pick a colony to 1 ml of LB antibiotic liquid medium, Incubate at 37 degree in a shaker till the OD600 value reaches 0.4-0.6.

2. Put the tubes on ice to incubate for 5 min.

3. Pellet bacterial cells by 5 min centrifugation at 5000 rpm, discard the supernatant.

4. Resuspend cells in 600 μl of ice-chilled 0.1 M Calcium Chloride solution. Incubate on ice for 30 min.

5. Centrifuge for 5 min at 5000 rpm in a microcentrifuge tube , discard the supernatant.

6. Resuspend the pelleted cells in 100 ul of ice-chilled 0.1 M Calcium Chloride solution. Incubate on ice.

7. Add 50 μl of the prepared cells to each tube containing DNA sample , mix and incubate on ice for 30 min.

8. Transform subsequently as the transformation protocol.


1. Make sure the cells are not left in the centrifuge at ambient temperature for more than 5 min as this will significantly decrease the transformation efficiency.

2. The rpm at centrifugation is not higher than 5000, as a high rpm ma y cause the lysis of cells.

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