The original paper in nature describing Gibson Assembly can be found here.
Step 1: Design Primers
If you wish to ligate two pieces of DNA using Gibson they must be altered so as to have 40bp of overlap at the point of ligation.
Step 2: Order Primers
This step can take a while, so Gibson Assembly requires some planning ahead
Step 3: PCR
PCR is a bit of a dark art, but we have found that these general principles have served us well over the summer:
|4:Elongation||72||45s per kb DNA|
|5:GoTo step 2||30 times|
The Annealing Tm that should be used is the temperature of the main 20 or so bases of the primer (not including the flap), since the flap only begins to anneal after the first few cycles, by which point primer specificity is less of an issue.
The Polymerase mixture we used was 2x Phusion MasterMix.
Step 4: Gibson Assembly
1) Prepare Gibson Master Mix
2) Add DNA to be ligated and Master Mix in volumetric ratio 1:3
3) Incubate for 1 hour at 50°C
e.g. If you were ligating two fragments (A and B) you could put:
|15µl||Gibson Master Mix|
Step 5: Transformation
The reaction mixture generated above should contain enough DNA to directly transform cells, although this is of course limited by the amount of DNA in the tube before the ligation.